Herbert Heritage Association
Statement of Purpose
The purpose of the Herbert Heritage Association Inc. is to enhance the historic and cultural experience of all persons visiting the Herbert Museum Complex.
To achieve this purpose, the Association offers programs and exhibits along with information about history, customs, interesting facts and places in Herbert and district. The Association also provides support through co-operation in projects that promote the Town of Herbert and surrounding area in order to sustain the viability of the community and the Herbert Museum Complex.
This STATEMENT OF PURPOSE may not be altered without the consent of the Board of Directors of the Herbert Heritage Association Inc., at a General Membership Meeting. (Revised March 20, 2006)
History of the Herbert Heritage Association
The Herbert Heritage Association Inc. has sole responsibility of operating the Herbert Museum Complex comprised of the restored CPR Station, several units of CPR rolling stock and other properties acquired for the purpose of preserving the Heritage of the Town of Herbert and district. The Association registered as a Non-profit Corporation Oct. 31, 1986.
The CPR Station building owned by the Town of Herbert has been relocated to its present site on CPR property, which the town of Herbert leases on a perpetual basis. Built in 1908 the station provided CPR services to the public until 1986, when the last services were terminated.
In July of 1986 the town of Herbert accepted an offer from CPR to take ownership of the station for the purpose of preserving it as a Heritage building. Subsequently the town negotiated an agreement with the Herbert Heritage Association to take full responsibility for the relocation, restoration and operation of the station as a Heritage project. The refurbished Station Agent's living quarters and displays of early communication techniques enhance the historic significance of the exhibit. The station is the hub around which other development is ongoing.
While emphasis continues on development of CPR exhibits, the Heritage Association is also committed to the collection and preservation of artifacts that have local, historic and cultural value.
As many settlers to the Herbert area came from a Mennonite (German/Dutch) background, much of that heritage has become part of Herbert as well. In recognition of the contribution of the Mennonite culture in Herbert, Faspa is the main feature on the menu at the Herbert CPR Station Museum dining room. Faspa is the word in the low German language meaning a light lunch of fresh baking and whatever is supplied to put on it, such as cheese, meats, and jams. Since the Mennonite culture did not allow for working on a Sunday, Faspa became a meal easy to make, yet flexible enough to allow for another Mennonite custom, which is unannounced visiting.
By mutual agreement with the Town of Herbert, the Heritage Association provides tourist information services at the Train Station.
The Canadian Dream
"From Sea to Shining Sea"
John A. MacDonald and Fathers of Confederation had a vision - to join British Columbia to Canada - creating a strong united Nation that would stand on it's own feet, withstand outside interference & "embark on a bold course of territorial and economic expansion" - including population growth with Canada's boundless resources.
1867 - Canada became a nation; Upper and Lower Canada, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick - all land west of Ontario with exception of Winnipeg owned by HBC.
1869 - Dominion of Canada bought all land owned by Hudson Bay Company for $1.5M (HBC retained 45,000 acres as well as concession for 1/20th of the fertile land in Region.)
1873-74 - Surveyors sttempted to survey North West Territories (Now Saskatchewan and Alberta.)
1874 - North West Mounted Police passed through on way to Cypress Hills, Fort Whoop-up.
- Signing treaties with remaining Aboriginal tribes bringing peace to unsurveyed region of Southern NWT.
1879 - John Macoun did a study of resources in area from Winnipeg to Rocky Mountains. On basis of his report, cabinet decided to build trans-continental railroad.
- Hence, Canadian Pacific Railroad was born (condition of BC joining confederation.) Area surveyed into townships of 36 sq. miles North. Numbering began at 49th parallel, International Boundary.
1882 - Railroad laid through Saskatchewan.
1882 - December 10 - Siding 14 named Herbert for Sir Michael Henry Herbert, an English diplomat (who later became British Ambassador to USA in 1902.)
Land companies were formed.
First came ranchers from USA and England (1906-07 severe winter - cattle perished.)
1903 - Government opened this area for settlement. Moose Jaw Sask. Land Co. & CPR bought large tract of land & immediately advertised it as "Choicest Wheat Lands" in Eastern Canada, USA and Europe.
$10.00 could claim and homestead (if claimant could survive on land for 6 months each of next three years.)
CPR offered to take 103 Manitoban Mennonite settlers to Herbert to look for land. The government provided financial help, food, lodging and transportation, all for $10.00!
HERBERT CPR HISTORY
And they came!
1904 - Russian Mennonites, as well as people from other areas, started arriving. Herbert area was "The Promised Land." So many came to start over - farmers, businessmen, schools and churches; a patchwork of nationalities. The land was filled with a strong, energetic people with a vision. One hundred years later their family names live on!
1905 - Saskatchewan and Alberta given Provincial status.
1907 - Herbert incorporated as a Village - estimated 300 residents.
1908 - Herbert built an impressive business community surrounded by thriving farms. (See pg. 53 - Bittersweet Years.)
1912 - Herbert incorporated as a Town - 709 residents!
1928 - reaching a peak population of 1,200 people, a farm bumper crop and virtually every business needed. Then came WWI, taking young men out of our community; some never to return. (See pg. 191 after WWI - Bittersweet Years.)
1917 - Bolshevik revolution caused massive robbing, raping and slaughtering of Mennonite community in Russia.
1920 - Canadian Mennonites, Gov't of Canada and CPR reserved approx. 20,000 Russian Mennonites - train loads came to SK to join compassionate families and friends. Some of course came to Herbert. (See pg. 192 - Bittersweet Years.)
Then came the Dirty Thirties followed quickly by WWII. Again, many brave sons and daughters enlisted in record numbers; some did not return. (Interesting story, pg. 958 - Bittersweet Years.)
As everywhere "small town Saskatchewan" was created as larger centers evolved - due to improved transportation - the manufacture and promotion of the automobile.
However, CPR continues to bring freight from "sea to shining sea" in an economical and timely fashion.
Herbert History - Bittersweet Years, 1903-1987. Book available for purchase at Train Station and Town of Herbert Office.
This edition has been compiled by Bev Strand for the Herbert Heritage Museum. All information was taken from Bittersweet Years. Check our history book online at https://digitalcollections.ucalgary.ca/CS.aspx?VP3=DamView&DocRID=2R3BF1F5GVNC0&RW=1464&RH=715&RW=1464&RH=715